# Remainder Theorem

A student will likely to see this topic when they learn about the polynomial in secondary O-level a-maths class.

*Useful Notes:*

- When a polynomial, g(x) is divided by a linear factor, (x-b), where b is equal to number. It will results a quotient q(x) with possible a reminder of r(x).
- The relationship between f(x), linear factor, quotient and the remainder can be written as follow.

g(x) = Quotient * (1/Linear Factor) + Remainder

- Since dividing g(x) by (x-b) will results a remainder of r(x). Thus,

g(b) = Remainder

- If g(b) = 0, then x-b is a factor of the function (factor theorem).

**Question**

What is the remainder of the function f(x) = 5+ 2×2 + 2x when it is divided by the following linear factor?

- x – 1
- 1 – 3x
- x + 1

**Answer**

- 9
- 53/9
- 5

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